Biochemical basis of iron deficiency chlorosis resistance in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

  • Ishwar H. Boodi, S.K. Pattanashetti, B.D. Biradar and C.D. Soregoan Senior Research Fellow
Keywords: Iron deficiency chlorosis (IDC), chlorophyll, Active iron (Ferrous, Fe2 ), resistance and peroxidase activity


A pot experiment with factorial design involving normal and calcareous soil and five genotypes with differential response to iron deficiency chlorosis (IDC) viz., ICGV 86031 and A30b (Resistant), TG 26 (moderately Resistant), TAG 24 and TMV 2 (susceptibe) were tested for various traits like VCR and SCMR, chlorophyll a, b and total chlorophyll, active iron content, specific activity of peroxidase at five different stages and also know the effect of IDC on yield and yield components. Iron deficiency chlorosis resistant genotypes recorded significantly lower VCR, higher SCMR, higher active iron content, chlorophyll a, b and total chlorophyll and peroxidase activity in leaf across all stages compared to susceptible genotypes. A strong and positive correlation was observed between peroxidase activity and leaf iron content. Yield and yield components were significantly reduced in susceptible genotypes compared to resistant genotypes.

Research Note