Genetic variability studies in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)
Seventy groundnut genotypes were evaluated for quantitative and yield parameters. A wide range of variation was observed for important yield components. High estimates of the genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) were observed for kernel yield per plant followed by the number of branches per plant, harvest index and biological yield per plant. The estimates of heritability were observed to be high for harvest index followed by biological yield per plant, kernel yield per plant, 100-kernel weight, plant height, 100-pod weight and number of branches per plant indicated that these characters were less influenced by the environmental fluctuations. High heritability along with high genetic advance was observed for 100-pod weight. High heritability along with moderate genetic advance was observed for biological yield per plant, 100-kernel weight and harvest index indicating that these traits were mainly governed by additive gene action and responsive for further improvement of these traits.
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