Genetic analysis of some topcrosses of yellow maize
Twenty elite yellow maize inbred lines were crossed as female parents with three different testers as male parents, i.e. Gem. Pop. (Broad genetic base), Single cross 101(Narrow genetic base) and Inbred line 100 (Narrow genetic base) at the Experiment Research Station of Moshtohor, Benha University, Egypt during 2014 growing summer season. The resulting 60 crosses with three commercial check hybrids i.e. SC 155, SC Pioneer 3080 and TWC 352 were evaluated in a yield trial in two sowing dates during 2015 growing summer season. The results showed that, sowing dates, crosses, lines, testers and line x testers mean squares were significant for all traits. The seven parental inbred lines (L-4, L-5, L-10, L-12, L-13, L-14 and L-19) possessed high GCA effects for grain yield and six lines (L-1, L-7, L-10, L-13, L-16 and L-18) possessed high GCA effects for earliness. These lines can be utilized as promising inbred lines in a hybridization program to develop high yielding and early maturity maize hybrids. The seven crosses (T-1 × L-7, T-1 × L-13, T-1 × L-17, T-2 × L-4, T-2 × L-5, T-2 × L-10 and T-2 × L-12) which had out-yielded significantly the best check SC. 3080 could be utilized for future breeding work as well as for direct release after confirming the stability of their performances observed in the current study. Hence, the information from this study may possibly be useful for researchers who would like to develop high yielding hybrids of maize.
It is certified that:
- The corresponding author is fully responsible for any disputes arising due to the publication of his/her manuscript.
- The article has been seen by all the authors who are satisfied with its form and content.
- The sequence of names of authors in the by-line is as per their relative contribution to this experiment, giving due credit to all scientists who made notable contribution to it.
- All the authors fully understand that inclusion of any other co-authors or exclusion of any co-authors is not possible once the article has been submitted to the journal.
- The corresponding author takes full responsibility for this article.
- The address of the organization where the research was conducted is given.
- The article is exclusive for this journal, and the results reported here have not been sent (and will not be sent during its consideration by this journal) for publication in any other journal.
- Authors agree to abide by the objective comments of referees and do agree to modify the article into a short note as per the recommendation, for publication in the Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding.
- If published in Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, the copyright of this article would vest with the Indian Society of Plant Breeders, who will have the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad engaged in reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information contained in it, and neither we nor our legal heirs will have any claims on royalty.