Combining ability and gene action analysis for yield and yield attributing traits in rice (Oryza sativa.L)
Six lines and four testers were involved in the combining ability and gene action study in line x tester mating design to discern desirable general and specific combiner for breeding programme. The combining ability variance indicated that sca variance was higher than gca variance indicating the preponderance of non-additive gene action for the characters studied viz., days to 50 percent flowering, panicle length, plant height, the number of grains per panicle, the number of tillers per plant, the number of productive tillers per plant, flag leaf length, flag leaf breadth, spikelet fertility, test weight and single plant yield. Among the parents, Improved White Ponni, RG192, RG163 and RG105 were discovered as the best general combiners for single plant yield. The cross combinations viz., ADT37 X RG163, ADT43 X RG105, ADT45 X RG163, ADT(R)48 X RG105, CO51 X Kavuni and Improved White Ponni X RG192 were the ideal specific combiners for single plant yield. Therefore, the aforementioned cross combinations may be employed in the upcoming breeding programmes in order to develop a higher heterosis for yield.
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