Development of yellow seeded brown sarson (Brassica rapa L.) genotypes for temperate conditions of Kashmir

  • A. G. Rather, F. A. Sheikh, S.Najeeb, M. A. Zargar, G. A. Parray A.B.Shikari,M.A.Ahangar,Z.A.Bhat and Sajad Ahmad
Keywords: Brassica rapa, seed coat colour, inheritance, oil content


The inheritance of yellow seed coat-colour in brown sarson (Brassica rapa L.) was investigated in two crosses involving
two brown sarson cultivars viz Gulchin and KOS-1 and a yellow seeded genotype Yellow Sarson-1.The segregating
pattern of seed coat colour in F2, BC1 and BC2 revealed the monogenic control of seed coat colour with black colour
dominant over yellow colour. Five yellow seeded brown sarson populations(YBS) were constituted from BC2F3. All the
populations had higher seed weight and seed oil content than Gulchin (check).YBS-2 was found promising over check
variety in oil yield per ha by a margin of 22%. Developing yellow seeded varieties is an appropriate approach to enhance
oilseed productivity and meal quality in brown sarson.
Research Note