Variability, heritability and genetic advance studies in some indigenous genotypes of basmati rice (Oryza sativa L.)
The investigation conducted with 25 rice genotypes comprising both Basmati and non-basmati types revealed significant differences among the genotypes for the yield, its components and some grain quality characteristics. The magnitude of differences between PCV and GCV was relatively low for all the traits, indicating less environmental influence. The GCV was higher for the characters alkali spread value, yield per plant and effective panicles. High heritability coupled with high genetic advance as per cent of mean was recorded for days to 50% flowering, plant height, panicle length, effective panicles per plant, spikelets per panicle, filled grains per panicle, test weight, yield per plant, brown rice length, brown rice L/B ratio, kernel length, kernel L/B ratio, kernel length after cooking, elongation ratio and alkali spread value indicating the additive gene effects in the genetic control of these traits and can be improved by simple selection in the present breeding material.
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