VL Mandua 380: A medium maturing, high yielding and blast tolerant finger millet cultivar for rainfed organic agro-ecology of hills
The medium duration blast tolerant finger millet variety VL Mandua 380 was developed at ICAR-Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan, Almora from the cross between GEC-440 (blast resistant core collection germplasm line) and VL 149 ((blast resistant cultivars adapted to hills) followed by a pedigree method of selection in the segregating generations. Under rainfed organic conditions, it has recorded an average grain yield of 1,877 kg/ha, which is 34.1 and 46.9 per cent higher yield over the check varieties VL Mandua 324 (1,400 kg/ha) and PRM-1 (1278 kg/ha), respectively in SVT trial conducted over 3 years from 2014-16. It is a medium duration variety with a duration of 113-118 days. The grains are nutritious with a higher concentration of calcium (322.5 mg/100 g) and zinc (4.3 mg/100 g) in comparison to the check variety VL Mandua 324 (294.0 mg /100 g and 2.8 mg/100 g, respectively). It exhibited resistant reaction to leaf blast and moderate reaction to finger and neck blast in the multilocation trials conducted over nine locations. Based on its superior performance for grain yield, grain quality and blast tolerance VL Mandua 380 was released by State Varietal Release Committee, Uttarakhand on 5th, February 2018. Subsequently, it was notified by the Central Sub-Committee on Crops Standards, Notification and Release of Varieties for Agricultural Crops vide notification number S.O.1498 (E) dated April 1, 2019. The specific area of adaptation of this variety is the rainfed organic condition of Uttarakhand hills.
Keywords: Finger millet, VL Mandua 380, medium maturity, high calcium content, blast tolerance
It is certified that:
- The corresponding author is fully responsible for any disputes arising due to the publication of his/her manuscript.
- The article has been seen by all the authors who are satisfied with its form and content.
- The sequence of names of authors in the by-line is as per their relative contribution to this experiment, giving due credit to all scientists who made notable contribution to it.
- All the authors fully understand that inclusion of any other co-authors or exclusion of any co-authors is not possible once the article has been submitted to the journal.
- The corresponding author takes full responsibility for this article.
- The address of the organization where the research was conducted is given.
- The article is exclusive for this journal, and the results reported here have not been sent (and will not be sent during its consideration by this journal) for publication in any other journal.
- Authors agree to abide by the objective comments of referees and do agree to modify the article into a short note as per the recommendation, for publication in the Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding.
- If published in Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, the copyright of this article would vest with the Indian Society of Plant Breeders, who will have the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad engaged in reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information contained in it, and neither we nor our legal heirs will have any claims on royalty.