Combining ability and heterosis studies in different crop sites for yield and yield contributing traits in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench)

  • V. Saikiran,
  • D. Shivani,
  • S. Maheswaramma,
  • K. Sujatha,
  • K. Sravanthi,
  • S. Ramesh,
  • K. N. Yamini and C. V. Sameer Kumar

Abstract

Forty eight hybrids, utilizing six male sterile lines and eight restorers of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) were evaluated for general and specific combining ability, variance components and standard heterosis. Among the lines ICSA 427 and ICSA 433 and testers ICSR 13009 and ICSR 13031 were found to be good general combiners for grain yield per plot and other yield contributing traits. The estimates of σ2gca and σ2sca suggested a non-additive genetic variance for all the traits studied. Most of the cross combinations showed higher magnitude of specific combining ability effects volving high × high (H × H) and high × low (H × L) combining ability effects of lines and testers for grain yield per plot and other yield contributing traits. The estimates of standard heterosis for grain yield per plot ranged from -49.53 and -50.46 (ICSA 435 × ICSR 13004) to 41.96 and 39.35 (ICSA 433 × ICSR 13043) over CSV-41 and CSH-16, respectively. Out of 48 cross combinations, six registered highly significant positive heterosis (over CSV-41 and CSH-16) for grain yield per plot.

Key words: Sorghum, male sterility, heterosis, combining ability.

Published
30-12-2021
How to Cite
Saikiran, V., Shivani, D., Maheswaramma, S., Sujatha, K., Sravanthi, K., Ramesh, S., & C. V. Sameer Kumar, K. N. Y. and. (2021). Combining ability and heterosis studies in different crop sites for yield and yield contributing traits in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 12(4), 1351-1358. Retrieved from https://ejplantbreeding.org/index.php/EJPB/article/view/4083
Section
Research Article