Genetic diversity analysis among different horticultural groups of indigenous and exotic Citrullus landraces using microsatellite markers
The study utilised a total of twenty simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers to investigate the genetic diversity of 53 watermelon accessions from different groups of Citrullus i.e., citroides, lanatus, and colocythis. Twelve of the twenty SSR markers were shown to be highly polymorphic and were statistically analyzed using Power Marker and NTSYSPc softwares. A total of 33 alleles were generated by polymorphic SSR markers, on an average of 2.6 alleles per loci. Heterozygosity among accessions for individual loci varied from zero to 0.17 (BVWS02306 marker).The gene diversity and PIC values varied between 0.08 to 0.72 and 0.46 to 0.90, respectively and the primer which had the highest gene diversity and PIC values was BVWS02422. The UPGMA-based dendrogram classified all the 53 accessions into two major clusters at 48 per cent similarity. All 41 cultivated watermelon accessions were grouped in cluster I and the remaining 12 accessions from wild types were grouped in cluster II. Thus, this study highlights the importance of molecular markers in the identification of wild and cultivated lines and their exploitation in future breeding programs.
Keywords: Watermelon, genetic diversity, microsatellite, Jaccard similarity coefficient
It is certified that:
- The corresponding author is fully responsible for any disputes arising due to the publication of his/her manuscript.
- The article has been seen by all the authors who are satisfied with its form and content.
- The sequence of names of authors in the by-line is as per their relative contribution to this experiment, giving due credit to all scientists who made notable contribution to it.
- All the authors fully understand that inclusion of any other co-authors or exclusion of any co-authors is not possible once the article has been submitted to the journal.
- The corresponding author takes full responsibility for this article.
- The address of the organization where the research was conducted is given.
- The article is exclusive for this journal, and the results reported here have not been sent (and will not be sent during its consideration by this journal) for publication in any other journal.
- Authors agree to abide by the objective comments of referees and do agree to modify the article into a short note as per the recommendation, for publication in the Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding.
- If published in Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, the copyright of this article would vest with the Indian Society of Plant Breeders, who will have the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad engaged in reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information contained in it, and neither we nor our legal heirs will have any claims on royalty.