Assessment of genetic variability and diversity analysis in medium duration rice accessions
A total of 64 medium duration rice accessions were evaluated for their genetic variability and genetic divergence during Rabi season 2020 at Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture and Research Institute, Karaikal. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences for all the traits considered for the study. The traits spikelets per panicle and filled grains per panicle recorded high GCV as well as PCV thereby indicating that these traits would be improved effectively through selection. Other yield component traits viz., plant height, productive tillers per plant, spikelets per panicle, filled grains per panicle, fertility per cent, grain weight and single plant yield revealed high heritability coupled with high genetic advance, indicating that simple selection could be effective for improving these characters. The D2 values and hierarchical clustering analysis grouped the 64 germplasm into seven clusters. In both the clustering methods, the genotype Gold 44 was grouped under separate clusters indicating that, this is a diverse genotype among all the genotypes taken for study. Further, genotype AD 16124 was grouped under the same cluster in both the clustering methods with the highest cluster mean for grain yield per plant. Hence, this genotype could be efficiently utilized for the yield improvement programme in rice.
Keywords: Variance, Heritability, Genetic advance, Diversity, Cluster and Rice
Assessment of genetic variability and diversity analysis in medium duration rice accessions. 2023. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 14 1, 329-335. Retrieved from https://ejplantbreeding.org/index.php/EJPB/article/view/4489
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